Sentencing (21095). 3 units. This seminar will examine the history, philosophy, and administration of the criminal sentencing process. We will study both state and federal sentencing systems, exploring the discretionary powers of judges and prosecutors in these systems and the ways in which discretion is constrained. The seminar will pay particular attention to the history of the United States Sentencing Guidelines and study how these guidelines have been applied in individual cases. We will also examine the relationship between sentencing guidelines and the criminal code; the interplay between principles of proportionality, severity, and parsimony; and the impact of race, class, and gender on sentencing outcomes. Paper required. Enrollment limited. F.M. Doherty and S. F. Russell.