Cybersecurity, Cyberwar and International Relations (21023). 2 units. Today’s Internet is far more than a system for sending mail or compiling information. Cyberspace is the backbone of our global commerce, communication and defense systems, and the critical infrastructure that powers our modern civilization. Yet despite the immense benefits that have resulted from this global connectivity, significant vulnerabilities persist and threats are on the rise, especially from the standpoint of American national security interests. Drawing from a variety of academic and government sources in the fields of history, law, political science, and sociology, this course analyzes the rapidly evolving realm of international cyber relations. Topics include cybercrime, cyberespionage, cyberterrorism, cyberwar, and cyber governance. After exploring the history, growth, current functions, and management of the Internet, the class will turn to a number of recent challenges that cyberspace has helped produce: North Korea’s cyberattack against Sony Pictures; scandals like WikiLeaks and Edward Snowden’s disclosures about the National Security Agency; new cyberweapons like Stuxnet, which attacked the Iranian nuclear enrichment program at Natanz; technologies employed by authoritarian governments to monitor and stifle online dissent; the role that social networking technologies have played in the Arab Spring revolutions; tensions in U.S.-China relations resulting from cyberespionage and theft of intellectual property; and “hactivists” whose online protests cause significant disruption.
Particular attention will be paid to whether any existing policy frameworks provide a basis for strengthening U.S. cybersecurity, fostering greater international understanding, and developing common cyber norms of behavior. This seminar also will reflect on the legal and ethical dimensions of cybersecurity; the unique challenges of attribution and deterrence in cyberspace; the proper role of national and international government oversight; the relationship between the public and private sectors; and the enduring tensions between privacy, transparency, freedom, and national security on the Internet. Each student will be assigned to write a short (500-800 words) memorandrum; students will be assigned to small groups, each of which will produce a threat assessment paper; a final research paper is also required. Paper required. Permission of the instructor required. Enrollment limited to four Law students. Also GLBL390b/GLBL 590b. E. Wittenstein.
Course Bidding: If the course is oversubscribed, students will be asked to submit a brief statement of interest.
Note: This course will meet according to the Yale College calendar.