Religion and the Constitution(s) (20572). 2 units. Modernity and liberal democracy are consonant with religious liberty, freedom of conscience, free speech, and different degrees of separation between religion and politics. But the way these principles are organized and interpreted varies across and within different national constitutional and legal regimes. Most recently, religious revivals and the development of religious diversity have challenged old historical arrangements. This course will examine the legal and constitutional status of religion in different national contexts (such as in the US, Canada, Europe, Asia, and Latin America) as well as the places, discourses and topoi in which these new challenges occur (the public sphere, schools or universities, corporations, the army; prayers, religious symbols, creationism, state subsidies, etc.). The course will particularly address the jurisdictional answers offered in response to these issues, by the U. S. Supreme Court. Self-scheduled examination or paper option. P. Weil.