Human Dignity: Research Seminar (20500). 2 units. Human dignity has been a part of Western society for over 2500 years and was formed as a theological and philosophical concept. In the wake of the Second World War, and following the atrocities committed by the Nazis and the Holocaust of the Jewish people, human dignity became an important concept in international law, constitutional law, and legal theory. This research seminar will focus on understanding the legal concept of human dignity. It shall focus on issues such as the importance of the intellectual history of human dignity to the modern legal concept; the relationship between the religious meaning of human dignity and the legal meaning; the contributions of Kant, Dworkin, and Waldron to the understanding of human dignity as a modern legal concept; what is human dignity as a constitutional value; the relationship between the right to human dignity and other human rights; what does human dignity as a value or a right contribute to legal issues such as discrimination, the death penalty, abortions, and bio-ethics (cloning, stem cells research, genetic engineering); is there a difference between constitutions that expressly recognize human dignity and those that recognize it through implication; the role that human dignity plays in the American Bill of Rights; and the role of comparative law in understanding human dignity. Students will meet individually with the professor during the term to discuss their paper. Hours to be arranged. Paper required. A. Barak.