Political Dysfunction and Reform (20209). 2 units. Many Americans increasingly believe that their political system is seriously dysfunctional, due in part to increasing political polarization. This seminar will examine the causes of political dysfunction in the United States. It will consider the extent to which political dysfunction results from features of the Constitution or from other political structures. Finally, the course will consider possible reforms, including changes in the structure of politics, constitutional amendments, and a new constitutional convention. Paper required. Enrollment limited to fifteen. J.M. Balkin and S. Levinson.