How Constitutions Change: Seminar (21226). 2 units. This seminar will study the forms of constitutional change—amendment, revision, interpretation, evolution and revolution—from comparative, doctrinal, historical and theoretical perspectives. We will draw from a variety of countries and regions, including Canada, France, Germany, India, Israel, Japan, Mexico, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom as well as Europe and the Caribbean. Topics include the political and philosophical foundations of constitutional amendment, the procedures and purposes of constitutional change, the relationship between formal and informal amendment, the status and enforceability of unwritten constitutional norms, the theory and doctrine of unamendability, the consequences of amendment difficulty, and the relevance of contemporaneity in the ratification of a proposed constitutional change. Response papers required periodically. Final paper required. Enrollment limited. R. Albert.
Note: Interested students should please plan to attend the first meeting.